WHAT ARE OPIOIDS?


Opioids are highly addictive narcotic substances commonly prescribed to treat pain.

COMMON OPIOIDS

Oxycodone

OxyContin®, Oxecta®, Roxicodone®

Oxycodone/ Acetaminophen

Percocet®, Endocet®, Roxicet®

Hydrocodone/ Acetaminophen

Lortab®, Vicodin®, Lorcet®, Norco®

Codeine

Only available in generic form

Tramadol

ConZip®, Ultram®

Fentanyl

Actiq®, Duragesic®, Ventura®

Hydromorphone

Dilaudid®, Exalgo®

Meperidine

Demerol®

Methadone

Dolphin®, Methadone®

Morphine

MS-Contin®, Duramorph®, DepoDur®, Astramorph®

WHY ARE OPIOIDS
DANGEROUS?

Our bodies begin to build a tolerance for opioids, meaning we have to take more to get the same effect. People taking opioids for chronic pain are especially at risk because tolerance continues to grow even after the maximum dose has been reached.

Drug tolerance may lead to physical dependency, addiction, abuse, and overdose.

OPIOIDS AND THE BRAIN

Drug tolerance builds because the brain becomes less responsive to opioids the longer it’s exposed.

The brain also stops producing natural endorphins, making a person more susceptible to pain and diminishing their ability to feel happy naturally.

When someone stops using opioids, their brain takes time to repair. They may experience intense withdrawal symptoms, such as shaking, vomiting, and anxiety.

PRESCRIPTION OPIOIDS
ARE AS DANGEROUS HEROIN

The molecular composition of prescription opioids is almost identical to that of heroin.

OXYCODONE

HEROIN

ALTERNATIVES TO OPIOIDS

  • ACETAMINOPHEN (TYLENOL®)
  • IBUPROFEN (ADVIL®, Motrin®)
  • PHYSICAL THERAPY
  • EXERCISE
  • MASSAGE THERAPY
  • COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
  • MEDICATION FOR DEPRESSION OR SEIZURES
  • INTERVENTIONAL THERAPIES (INJECTIONS)